If you are wondering what to see in Fuente Obejuna and want to know some of its details, as a summary you should know that it is a town in the north of Cordoba. It is surrounded by oak pastures where the famous Iberian pig is raised.
In addition, Fuente Obejuna became famous for the events that took place in the fifteenth century and inspired Lope de Vega to publish in 1619 one of his most famous plays. Fuente Obejuna all together!
History of Fuente Obejuna
In the lands of Fuente Obejuna, as in the whole area, Iberian and Roman remains have been found, some dating from the second century B.C. For some of its ancient mines it is understood that there were earlier civilizations in the area.
Very close to the village, remains of what was once a Roman city called Mellaria (city of honey) have been found. There are still several historians who do not quite agree if this city was the origin of the current Fuente Obejuna.
The death of Fernán Gómez de Guzmán
One of the most famous historical events in the town, which has given it international fame, has to do with the uprising of the town in which the Comendador Fernán Gómez de Guzmán was killed. According to the historical facts, the occupation of the town by the Comendador Mayor provokes the anger of the villagers, who take justice into their own hands.
According to Lope de Vega’s novel, the Comendador was an authoritarian man to his subjects, to the point of giving himself the power to abuse his neighbours. In this case, the neighbours are furious when the Comendador decides to “take certain liberties” with a bride before her wedding and they all agree to put him to death. Thanks to the organisation of the neighbours, the perpetrators of this revenge will never be known, hence the famous phrase, Fuente Obejuna, todos a una!
Another reason to visit Fuente Obejuna is the Modernist Palace. A building that attracts the attention of all those strolling through the central streets of the village. It is a jewel of modernist architecture in Andalusia, built by Don Pedro Celestino for the use and enjoyment of his wife Doña María Manuela. The latter did not get to see the palace finished, as she died while it was being built.
You should know that in the basement of this modernist building, the town hall houses the historical museum of Fuente d’Aubehune. This initiative was started in 2000 to preserve and present to the public the artistic and historical heritage of the area. In its different rooms, various finds from prehistoric times to the beginning of the twentieth century are displayed.
Parish Church Nuestra Señora del Castillo
One of the historical buildings you should not miss if you visit Fuente Obejuna is the parish church of Nuestra Señora del Castillo. This church was built on the ruins of the castle of Don Fernand Gómez de Guzmán, who was the commander of the Order of Calatrava. The church is located on the highest point of the village and it displays different paintings and frescoes, a sample of Córdoba art. In the parish museum you can also see very interesting works of art.
Other places of interest
Another of the town’s attractions is the Convent of the Franciscan Fathers, which was founded in 1905. In the church of this convent, the main altarpiece stands out above all, which is made of carved wood with different polychrome details. For the more adventurous, you can also see in some way the ancient Roman city of Mellaria. It can be reached on the N-432 road from Córdoba, a few kilometres before reaching Fuente Obejuna. On the large plain in the area you can see a small mound on which lie the remains of this ancient city. Although it has not been excavated and developed, this spot shows us what may have been the origin of the town of Fuente Obejuna.