Mosque of Cordoba
The Mosque of Cordoba, or Mosque-Cathedral as it is called today, is the most important monument in the city of Cordoba. Almost two million people visit it every year. It is recognized as an Asset of Cultural Interest in addition to being a World Heritage Site by Unesco. On this page I will show you what the most important features of this monument are, some history and the different zones in which it is divided. You have information on schedules , prices and a little trick to visit the temple for free. If you want to know more about the Mosque of Cordoba, read on.
- Parts of the Mosque
- Bell Tower
- Orange Tree Courtyard
- Forest of Columns
- Cathedral of Cordoba
- Mihrab of the Mosque
- Villaviciosa Chapel
- Sagrario Chapel
- History of the Mosque of Cordoba
- Mosque of Cordoba free
- Visiting schedule
- Mosque of Cordoba Tickets
Parts of the MosqueThe various parts of the Mosque of Cordoba are well differentiated. Outside are the Bell Tower and surrounded by a large wall is the Orange Tree courtyard. Already inside the building of the Mosque you can see the Forest of Columns, which is nothing else than the “infinite” set of columns and arches that give shape to the main monument. Inside the Mosque you can see the Cathedral, composed of the area of the High Altar, the Cruise and the Choir. There are several chapels that have been built during the Christian period. The first to be built was the Villaviciosa Chapel, a construction integrated into the Muslim building. But the most important for its ornamental richness is the Sagrario Chapel.
Bell TowerThe bell tower is one of the iconic images of Cordoba, stands out from the monument and is visible from a large part of the city. What we see now is a tower built on an Arab minaret from the time of Abderramán III. The history of this tower is very extensive, since it has received many modifications, some of them radical. You can visit this Tower at different times, if you decide to go up you will go to enjoy views of the city and the old spectacular.
Orange Tree CourtyardThe Orange Tree Courtyard is the first thing you will see when entering the walled enclosure. In its day it was the Court of Ablutions , where the Muslims performed the ritual of purification before entering the temple to pray. As a curiosity, the arches leading to the prayer area were open in the Muslim era. In the sixteenth century, and in Christian times, the arches are closed by order of Bishop Martín Fernández Angulo. There are several important changes that this Patio de los Naranjos has suffered since it was designed in the 8th century. The most important are the two extensions, one in the time of Abderramán III and another under the mandate of Almanzor. As for the vegetation, we know that in the 13th century it was planted with palm trees. In the fifteenth century the first orange trees were planted and three centuries later olive trees and cypresses were added. There are several sources in the Orange Tree Courtyard, which together with the water pipes and the vegetation, give it a fresh and pleasant atmosphere in summer. Also comment that the courtyard is surrounded by porticos with columns and arches, which are exposed several of the old wooden beams with which the monument was built.
Forest of ColumnsOne of the main features of the Mosque of Cordoba is its large size, as it is the third largest in the world. Being so large, it gives a very characteristic image, the “infinite” succession of columns and arches, which is colloquially called the Forest of Columns or Forest of Palm. Of being one of the iconic images of Córdoba. But how many columns does the Mosque have?, specifically there are 1300 columns and 760 Arches, all in an area of 23,400 square meters. As a curiosity, in the Tower of the Calahorra there is a mock-up of the Mosque in the Muslim period. In it you can see how was that forest of Columns before it was built inside the Cathedral.
Cathedral of CordobaThe fact that the Cathedral of Cordoba was built inside an Islamic Mosque, makes it a unique monument in the world. The construction of the Cathedral was a radical transformation in the building, contrasting the vertical forms typical of Christian Cathedrals, in a Muslim building of horizontal structure. The Cathedral is composed of a large nave of Gothic style, with ribbed vaults and three large pointed arches. The most important parts of the Cathedral are the Altar Mayor, the Crucero and the Coro. The entire structure of the Cathedral began to be built in 1523 by order of Hernán Ruiz I. In the middle of the 18th century, with the works of the Choir, the Cathedral was completed as we know it now. The fact of building a Cathedral inside a Mosque was a decision that created a great controversy in his day. Although he approved the construction in the beginning, Carlos V came to criticize the work saying “you have destroyed what was unique in the world, and you have put in its place what can be seen everywhere”. When you visit the Mosque-Cathedral, in addition to its grandeur, you can see several centuries of history in each corner of the monument.
Mihrab of the MosqueThe Mihrab of the Mosque of Cordoba, the place where prayer is addressed and which represents the presence of Alah in the Temple, is one of its great attractions. In other mosques it is composed of a small niche in the Qibla or wall oriented towards Mecca . On this occasion it is a small space of three by three meters, with a great ornamental quality. It is located next to the Maqsura, the space reserved for the Caliph during public prayer. What most attracts the attention of the Mihrab in this Mosque is its exterior decoration, with a marble base, a large horseshoe arch and plant decorations along with inscriptions of the Koran. The Mihrab of the Mosque of Cordoba is decorated with marble, ceramics, plasterwork and different types of paint. Perhaps this is the area of the monument that best represents the grandeur it had to have in its day in the Cordoba Caliphate.
Villaviciosa ChapelThe Chapel of Villaviciosa was the first Christian construction of importance that took place inside the Mosque, two centuries after the Islamic building was consecrated for Catholic worship in 1236. The chosen place was a skylight from the time of Alhakén II and it would be the Main Chapel until the construction a century later of the current Cathedral. For the construction of this Chapel and its nave, Gothic style arches were used, with a characteristic wooden roof with gabled craftsmanship, very uncommon for the time, as well as neo-Gothic side windows. This is a Chapel open and very integrated with the appearance of the Mosque Muslim.
Sagrario ChapelThe Chapel or “Parroquia del Sagrario” owes its importance to the quantity and quality of paintings and murals that adorn it. The first thing that catches your attention when entering this chapel is the painting of the Holy Supper that presides over the space. The columns, arches and vaults are decorated with landscape motifs, images of angels, symbols of the Passion and the representation of the Holy Martyrs of Cordoba.
History of the Mosque of CordobaThe History of the Mosque of Cordoba goes hand in hand with the numerous transformations that have been happening in the building since it began its construction in the 8th century. There are 3 enlargements that the Mosque has had in Muslim times, the Alminar had to be redone once and the Mihrab was changed on two occasions. After the conquest of Cordoba by the Christian Monarchs, the Mosque was consecrated for the Catholic cult. Several chapels have been built inside the building in addition to the Cathedral, which radically changed the structure of the initial Mosque. Finally, the minaret would be transformed into a bell tower. To see it graphically, you have a video with the different phases through which this monument has passed. Below you have a 3D map of the Mosque of Cordoba, you can download here.
Mosque of Cordoba freeThe Mosque-Cathedral is the most visited monument in Cordoba. As you have already read, it has a great history and is a tourist place par excellence. But it is also a Cathedral where there is mass every day for the faithful who come. Therefore, during mass times you can enter the Mezquita of Cordoba free. Being a Cathedral open to worship, during the mass hours you can enter freely. The hours available are from Monday to Saturday from 8:30 am. at 9:30 a.m. You must take into consideration that at this time it is open to the public to go to the mass, so it is forbidden to enter groups of tourists and must be silent. On the other hand, for those born or residing in Córdoba, entry during normal hours is also free, only presenting the D.N.I.
Visiting scheduleThe hours to visit the Mosque vary depending on the time of year. In the months of November to February, the tourist schedule is:
- Monday to Saturday from 10: 00 am. at 6:00 pm.
- Sunday from 8:30 am. at 11:30 am. and from 3:00 pm. at 6:00 pm.
- Monday to Saturday from 10:00 am. at 7:00 pm.
- Sunday from 8:30 am. at 11:30 am and from 3:00 pm. at 7:00 pm.
Bell TowerThe hours to visit the Bell Tower also vary depending on the time of year.
- From November to February, the schedule is from 9:30 am. at 1:30 pm. and from 4:00 pm. at 5:30 pm.
- From March to October, the visiting hours are from 9:00 pm. at 6:30 pm.
- In July and August, you can visit from 9:00 am. at 2:30 pm.
To the soul of CordobaThe soul of Cordoba is a guided tour of the Mosque that takes place at night. It begins in the Patio de los Naranjos with a small introduction and continues through the Mosque in a light and sound show, where the history of the monument is taught in a more interactive way. For more information about schedules, visit this page.
Mosque of Cordoba TicketsTickets to visit the Mosque can be obtained at the ticket offices that are located in the Orange Tree Courtyard, they are on sale until 30 minutes before closing.
- The price of the entrance is € 10 in general.
- For children from 10 to 14 years old and people with reduced mobility, the ticket has a reduced price of € 5.
- Residents or children born in Cordoba, children under 10 years old and holders of the “Andalucía Junta 65” card have free admission.
- Tickets are on sale at the counter that is located at the access to the Tower.
- The price to visit the Bell Tower is € 2 in general, but those born or residents in Cordoba can enter for free.